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Scholarship program helps csangos (ceangai) in keeping their hungarian identity over the Carpathian in Moldva, Bacau county, Romania

In Bacau county, Romania 45 hungarian and transylvanian hungarian teacher are working on helping csangos (hungarian ethnic group in romania, still using the oldest hungarian dialect) not loosing their ancient cultural and lingual heritage. Only 60.000 people talk in Csango dialect of the whole 250.000 minority. In every afternoon 1600 csango youngster visit the scholarship program in 21 villages. These youngsters do not use csango between each other, their primary langue is romanian, hungarian could be just the second.


 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 1

1. Starting course for primary school students in Cleja (Klézse). During the course teachers try guiding back pupils into the hungarian environment with rather practicing lingual games than having proper teaching. This scholarship founded by the Bacau based Moldvanian Csango Hungarians Association (www.csango.ro) in 2000 and helps keeping hungarian csango dialect alive for 10 years. in 2009 the hungarian state donated this program with 47 million forints ( 17.000 EUR )

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 2

2. Csango children still have choice to play games which is becoming unknown for their fellows in hungary: chasing goosey in outskirts of Csíkfalu (Ciucan)

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 3

3. Leading cow for drinking water at Felső-Rekecsin (Fundu Racaciuni). Children have to help keeping animals to their parents after and before school.
In rural moldva most of the families are living in deep poverty, methods of keeping animals reminding the age before the farmer's co-operate during the communism

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 4

4. Grammar lesson early in the afternoot at Nagypatak (Valea Seacă). Separating, refurbishing the classrooms from farmhouses is made by teachers.
In winter time csango youngsters' responsibility to cut wood and make fire

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 5

5. As there are no hungarian high-school in Moldva, no hungarian place to work, no chance having mass and common praying for god in hungarian, several times parents involuntary do not teach their children to hungarian. The closest hungarian tongue high-school is in Transylvania, Csíkszereda (Miercuirea Ciuc) that can be reached only by 5-6 hours travelling. This distance decreasing the amount of those children who would choose hungarian tongue high school, after finishing elementery. The Moldvanian Csango Hungarians Association's goal raising csango professionals, who could and want to use their knowledge, experience within the csango hungarian minority.

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 6

6. Civilized way of chastening csango (ceangai) pupils are not easy for the hungarian teachers, as phisical chasten is still common in the romanian education system. Hungarian teachers do not have phisical weapons, just their voice and attitude.

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 7

7. Result of a homework for primary school students. The exercise was: "write anything you can in hungarian". Result was schocking, many children wrote text alphabetically in romanian, but the pronunciation is actually in hungarian

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 8

8. Hungarian teachers from Hungary and Transylvania spent generally 2 years in very poor conditions. They heat with wood and there are no tapwater. Average salary is 50.000 HUF (180 EUR) / month and calculated by a difficult formula. Number of groups, pupils, education degree and comfort level of the house affect the salary. The MCHA pays the rent, bills, bringing wood, and provides internet connection, as a coffeteria.

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 9

9. There are sixty csango villages in Moldva where the csango dialect is still in use, and can be saved. The scholarship program has reached 21 villages in 2009. Infrastructure is very poor in csango (ceangai) land

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 10

10. Foreigners with camera are not warmly welcomed... villagers believe strangers - after taking the pictures - will laugh on csango's poverty

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 11

11. Praying for god at a pig killing event's lunch at Csíkfalu (Ciucan). Freshly baked bread, and special pork soup with noodles called "csorba" serving at exactly 12:00 am. Csango families life filled with roman catholic religion, they are practicing it in romaniain language. Having mass and common praying for god in hungarian is still not allowed in csango's land

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 12

12. Traffic peak after getting christmas presents at Felső-Rekecsin's (Fundu Racaciuni) mudy street. In 2009 almost 600 individual and 2 companes sent christmas presents for those pupils who were member of the scholarship program

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 13

13. Most of the families have hard life. Houses were bulit with small inner heigth ( less than 2 meters) due to very cold, sometimes -30 C° windy winters. Smaller heigth needs less wood to heaten up

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 14

14. As the csango (ceangai) hungarians are strongly religious, advent is more important than in the motherland. Typical "foal shaped" oven is getting new "balkan green" colour

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 15

15. Preparing gifts by youngsters at same age guarantees to make csango youngster happy with the presents. Most boxes arrive from Hungary without names, the label is just: "Present for 12-14 years old girl"

© Gabor Ancsin

 

 

Csango; Ceangai; Hungarian minority; Romania; Ciucan; Fundu Racacuini; Bacau; Valea Seaca; Scholarship; School; Poverty; Community 16

16. At the end of Advent 12 csango pupil were invited to the House of Parlaiment, Budapest, Hungary. During the sightseeing, they needed language help continously from their teacher in understanding the official hungarian language and in identifying the painted historical characters

© Gabor Ancsin